Resin - Harvesting and Processing

Maydi sources its Frankincense from the highlands of Somaliland where the climate is influenced by the Red Sea, and is harvested by hundreds of trained and registered local villagers. Our current annual production level is 135 tonnes of resin from company owned farms and 160 tonnes from family owned farms. Our company owned farms are currently at 60% capacity. However there is no shortage of trees throughout all of the areas from which Maydi sources its Frankincense. ​Plus the range of mountains in which Frankincense generally occurs is roughly 650 km in length and the volumes of resin that are being extracted annually is a mere fraction of total potential availability.


Our tracking and batch control systems follow the movement of the raw material from harvesting, processing and packing. We can trace every batch right back to the area it was harvested. 


Resin production follows a series of steps:

  1. Tapping: Maydi harvesters follow carefully developed tapping techniques. A small number of shallow oval-shaped tapping spots are made on the tree from which the resin is collected. For the best quality, the trees are then left for a period of 14-18 days to exude the drops or “tears” of precious frankincense resin. Maydi only taps one side of the tree, with the average number of wounds per tree being 12, and never exceeding 15. When Frankincense trees are tapped on both sides, the tree releases an unwanted component into the resin to defend itself which lowers its quality.

  2. Harvesting & Seasoning: Harvesters manually pick the tears of solidified resin and then season them by further drying. Seasoning is a critical step in the overall process to prevent clumping of the tears which can effect their eventual grade quality.

  3. Batch testing: Samples are taken from each batch and steam distilled into oil. The oil is then sent to laboratories and tested for the Optical Rotation, Specific Gravity and Refractive Index. This provides us with an early indication of the quality of each batch and allows preliminary classifications prior to grading.

  4. Cleaning & Grading: The raw material is then transported to our Somaliland warehouse for further processing, which involves the complete removal of all foreign materials. During this process of cleaning, the resin is sorted into grades based on colour and tear size and undergoes final quality control. Any material that does not comply with our specifications is immediately quarantined and investigated using our tracking and batch control protocols.

  5. Packaging & Storage: Product that successfully passes quality control is then packaged industrially and stored in our warehouse ready for export. Packaging are laminated polywoven 20 kg sacks.




(company owned farm)


(company owned farm)


(family owned farm)


(family owned farm)


(family owned farm)




& Storage



Shipping Internationally

Conventional wisdom says that in order to protect the trees, they should be rested for one out of every five years they are harvested. Maydi's trees are tapped once a year for two years and then rested for a year in order to give them time to recover. This approach is widely accepted by both researchers and industry as being the most sustainable way of harvesting the resin in order to protect the Carterii trees for future generations.

Oil Distillation

High quality distillation

at our facility in Dubai


Ensuring ethical sourcing

& environmental protection


Highland Frankincense

resins from Somaliland